ELIEZER BEN ISAAC OF WORMS


ELIEZER BEN ISAAC OF WORMS
ELIEZER BEN ISAAC OF WORMS (also called "Eliezer ha-Gadol"; 11th century), German talmudic scholar. Eliezer was a pupil of his relative Simeon ha-Gadol, in mainz , and later of gershom Me'or ha-Golah, and judah ha-kohen , author of Sefer ha-Dinim. He was a friend of Jacob b. Jakar (Rokeaḥ, Ha-Tefillah 21; Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Maẓref le-Ḥokhmah 14:2). After the death of R. Gershom, he and Jacob b. Yakar headed the yeshivah of Mainz, which numbered among its pupils Isaac ha-Levi and isaac b. judah , the teacher of Rashi, who mentions Eliezer several times in his commentaries to the Bible (e.g., Ps. 76:11) and the Talmud (Pes. 76b) calling him "ha-Gadol" or "ha-Ga'on." A number of Eliezer's decisions and instructions have been preserved in works issuing from Rashi's school, including the Sefer ha-Pardes. Menahem b. Judah di Lonzano attributes to Eliezer the well-known work, Orḥot Ḥayyim or Ẓavva'at R. Eli'ezer ha-Gadol, which had previously been attributed to eliezer b. hyrcanus . The suggestion that Eliezer was the father of Tobiah b. Eliezer, author of the Lekah Tov, is without firm foundation. The selihah "Elohai Basser" recited in the Yom Kippur Katan service, which bears Eliezer's name in acrostic form, has been attributed to him. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Guedemann, Gesch Erz, 1 (1880), 120–6; A. Epstein and J. Freimann (eds.), Sefer Ma'aseh ha-Ge'onim (1909), XV; I. Abrahams, Hebrew Ethical Wills, 1 (1926), 31–49; Germ Jud, 1 (1934), 192, no. 13; V. Aptowitzer, Mavo le-Sefer Ravyah (1938), 310f.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF WORMS — (late 12th–early 13th century), German tosafist. Although Baruch lived in Worms, he probably came from France and is sometimes referred to as Ha Zarefati ( the Frenchman ). Baruch was a pupil of isaac b. samuel the Elder of Dampierre, and after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIEZER BEN SAMUEL OF VERONA — (early 13th century), Italian tosafist. Eliezer was a pupil of Isaac b. Samuel of Dampierre (Roke aḥ 377) and the teacher of avigdor b. elijah Kohen Ẓedek of Vienna. He was a colleague of eleazar b. judah of Worms and of Abraham b. Moses of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIEZER BEN JOEL HA-LEVI OF BONN — (Heb. acronym ראבי ה, Ravyah; 1140–1225), rabbinic scholar in Germany. His maternal grandfather was Eliezer b. Nathan. Eliezer studied under his father joel ha Levi of Bonn, as well as under Judah he Ḥasid, and Judah b. Kalonymus of Mainz. His… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELEAZAR BEN JUDAH OF WORMS — (c. 1165–c. 1230), scholar in the fields of halakhah, theology, and exegesis in medieval Germany. Eleazar was the last major scholar of the Ḥasidei Ashkenaz movement (see Ḥasidei Ashkenaz ). Born in Mainz, he traveled and studied in many of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF REGENSBURG — (second half of 12th century), talmudic scholar. He was a member of the bet din of Regensburg, together with isaac b. jacob ha lavan of prague , Abraham ben Moses of Regensburg, and Judah he Ḥasid b. Samuel (Sefer Ḥasidim, ed. by J. Wistinetzki… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISAAC BEN ELIEZER — (known as segan Leviyyah – meaning a levite; d. 1070), one of the great scholars of Worms and a teacher of rashi . Isaac b. Eliezer apparently originated from vitry (see asher b. jehiel , to Ḥul 4:7). He studied at the yeshivah of Mainz under… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISAAC BEN MENAHEM THE GREAT — (11th century), French scholar of the generation of rashi s teachers. In his youth Isaac studied in Mainz at the yeshivah of eliezer b. isaac of worms . Later he settled in France and the correspondence thereafter between Isaac and his teacher… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac ben Samuel — the Elder of Dampierre (Hebrew: יצחק הזקן בן שמואל) , known as the or Ri (ר י הזקן) was a French tosafist and Biblical commentator. He flourished at Ramerupt and Dampierre in the twelfth century. Biography On his father s side Isaac was a… …   Wikipedia


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